Templo de Debod
|Madrid for kids|
|The Temple of Debod was built by the Egyptians in the 4th Century BC and was dedicated to the gods Amon and Isis. It sat along the banks of the NIle in Nubia. When the Aswan Dam was built, the river valley was flooded. The temple was under water for 40 years until UNESCO removed the temple in 1961. In 1968 the Egyptian government gave it to Spain as a thankyou for the help received from Spanish engineers. The temple was brought to Spain block by block and rebuilt in the 1970s.|
Can you see the original blocks and those from recent times? How can you tell which blocks are the oldest?
Inside the temple you can go into the chapel built for the Nubian King. On the walls you can see the King making offerings to various Egyptian Gods. From here you can go into the holy sanctuary which has a pink granite altar. It was on this altar, according to legend, where Isis gave birth to Horus. The very small openings, at ground level, are where offerings were left by priests. You will have to crawl through these. Imagine a priest 2000 years ago doing this.
|The ancient Egyptians believed that temples were the homes of the gods and goddesses. Every temple was dedicated to a god or goddess and he or she was worshipped there by the temple priests and the pharaoh. The large temple buildings were made of stone so that they would last forever. Their walls were covered with scenes that were carved onto the stone then brightly painted. These scenes showed the pharaoh fighting in battles and performing rituals with the gods and goddesses|
Only two gateways survive. The first gate faced the Nile and processions would leave the boat and progress through the three gated enclosures until reaching the temple.
Inside the temple you can go into the chapel built for the Nubian King. On the walls you can see the King making offerings to various Egyptian Gods. From here you can go into the holy sanctuary which has a pink granite altar. It was on this altar, according to
On the outside, at the back of the temple, you can see two gods. These were added later, probably during Roman times.
Horus was a sky and solar god. He gave pharaohs protection and courage.
|Isis represented love, magic, motherhood, children, medicine and peace. People asked her to make marriages happy. She was the goddess with a throne upon her head and her name simply meant 'seat'. A popular motif was her sitting and nursing her son Horus.|