Palacio Real

Madrid for kids
Medicine
Try your hand at being a medieval Doctor.
What do you think the advice would be in these three cases?

Patient 1.  
Your patient has black and blue blotches all over her body.  You are fairly certain it is the plague.  What treatment do you prescribe?
Rub goose droppings onto discoloured blotches.
Give the patient a treacle.  
Orient head of bed to east and place garlic under patient's pillow.
Patient 2.  
This patient is in bed with chills, a fever, and a terrible headache.  You find pimple-like spots covering his skin and diagnose smallpox, a contagious disease common in your time.  How will you treat this patient?
Wrap patient in red cloth and place red fabric over all windows
Burn a special combination of bark and herbs
Crush dried earth worms into a fine powder, mix with lamb fat and apply a layer to the body

Patient 3
You have a patient who is showing all the signs of having leprosy.  They have burns on their toes they don't know the cause of.  When you press a needle into toe the patient does not feel it.
Have the patient attend his own funeral and banish him to a colony
Amputate all parts of affected body
Apply leeches to all affected areas to suck out toxin

External Plague Symptoms


External Small Pox symptoms


Tuberculoid Leprosy Skin Lesion


Atrocious Actions and Frightening Facts
At the first signs the plague had arrived in Milan the authorities immediately bricked up the doors and windows of three family homes.
This included not just the sick, but the healthy family members as well and their rats.  All perished, and Milan was spared.  But Milan was the exception.
The population of Europe in 1347 was about 80 million.  Estimates say between 25 and 50 million died in Europe in just six years from the plague.  That is like the entire population of Spain today with 39 million people being obliterated or England with just over 50 million!!!!
The medieval chronicler Gabriele de Mussis is often credited with the first description of biological warfare when he reported how in 1346, as the black death approached Europe, the Mongol armies besieging the Black Sea port of Kaffa catapulted plague-ridden corpses over the battlements.  It is, however, like so much else surrounding the black death, a myth.  The bodies of plague victims are not infectious, and neither the Mongol attackers nor the Christian defenders thought they were.  Notice the green area around Milan (minor outbreaks)

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